Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)

04.08.2018 00:00
Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)| Measuring daytime sleepiness

Description Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), developed by Murray W. Johns in 1991, is a method of measuring daytime sleepiness. The probability of falling asleep in everyday situations is investigated with the help of various questions. The short questionnaire is mainly used in sleep medicine to diagnose sleep disorders, especially hypersomnia. The Epworth Test is also suitable for measuring the success of therapy (e.g. in CPAP patients) over time.

Epworth Sleepiness Scale - Test

You are often tired or fall asleep in everyday situations? Then you may suffer from a sleep disorder. Take the Epworth Test and assess your daytime sleepiness with the help of eight questions. The situations relate to your recent everyday life. How likely are you to nod off or fall asleep in the situations described? Even if you have not experienced some of these situations recently, try to imagine how they would have affected you.

Write down the corresponding number of each situation and then calculate the sum.

0 = would never doze

1 = slight chance of dozing

2 = moderate chance of dozing

3 = high chance of dozing

Epworth Sleepiness Scale - Situation:

1. Sitting and reading

2. Watching television

3. Sitting, inactive in a public place (e.g. in the theatre or a lecture)

4. As a co-driver in a car during an one-hour drive without a break

5. Lying down in the afternoon to rest

6. Sitting and talking to someone

7. Sitting quietly after lunch (without alcohol)

8. Stopping for a few minutes due to traffic conditions while driving

Epworth Sleepiness Scale - Scoring:

0-7 points: Your values are within the normal range. The result indicates no increased daytime sleepiness. Your sleep apnoea risk is relatively low.

7-10 points: You have an average daytime sleepiness. The result does not show an increased sleep apnoea risk. If you snore permanently or stop breathing during sleep, you should still consult a doctor for safety reasons.

10-15 points: Your daytime tiredness is increased. You should think about whether you sleep well and also improve your sleep hygiene. Besides, you should consult your family doctor or a specialist with the test result.

More than 15 points: The degree of daytime fatigue is very high. This can be a sign of sleep apnoea syndrome. You should be examined by a specialist as soon as possible.


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